Aviation Language Training Program

ALTP-1-1 Attitudes and Movements 

Flight Crew


Time Allocation

  • Ground: 20 to 30 Minutes
  • Air: 1 to 1.5 hours
  • Flight unites: 1 to 2 flights


The aim of this lesson is to develop the student’s ability to recognize the basic attitudes of flying, and the produce and control the movements necessary to generate those attitudes.

Preparatory Ground Instruction

During the PGI, the student will learn:

  1. safe and coordinated exchange of aircraft control;
  2. proper communication of sighted traffic, including the clock system (bearing) and high/low positioning (above and below horizon);
  3. aircraft control surfaces and movements associated with them;
  4. visual, physical, and instrument indications (confirmation) of the four movements.

Flight safety:

  1. transfer of aircraft control;
  2. communication of sighted traffic;
  3. communication before climbs, descents, and turns ("Clear  left/right/above/below").

Air Instruction

During the flight lesson, the student will also be introduced to the skills:

  1. the procedures for the safe and proper preparation for flight, including aircraft pre-flight inspection;
  2. during taxi, proper stop-start techniques;
  3. the procedures for engine start and pre-takeoff systems checks (runup), and pretakeoff checklist;
  4. during takeoff, the use of the rudder pedals to maintain straight tracking during the takeoff roll;
  5. circuit departure procedure and clearance compliance;
  6. navigation to the practice area using geographic-feature tracking;
  7. attitudes and movments, including yaw control;
  8. preview basic maneuers (straight and level flight, climbs, descents, and turns);
  9. navigate back to the airport using geographic feature tracking;
  10. during approach for landing, the use of power to manage glidepath profile;
  11. post-flight proccedures for afterl-landing checks, taxiing, shutdown, and securing aircraft.

Post-flight Brief Debriefing

Review preformance: sucsessful performances, areas for improvement and how to improve those areas.

Assign readings in preparation for next flight if appropriate:

  1. FTM: Climbs, descents, turns:
  2. POH: Preparation for flight procedures; fuel systems;
  3. Radio Procedures: Pretakeoff and departure communication.

Completion Standards

Prior to advancing to the next lesson, the student must demonstrate the independent ability to use of pitch and roll inputs to generate the cruise attitude, the nose-up attitude, the nose-down attitude, and the banked attitude.