Private Pilot Program


PPL-1-1 Attitudes and Movements 

Flight Crew

Dual

Time Allocation

  • Ground: 20 to 30 Minutes
  • Air: 1 to 1.5 hours
  • Flight unites: 1 to 2 flights

Aim

The aim of this lesson is to develop the student’s ability to recognize the basic attitudes of flying, and the produce and control the movements necessary to generate those attitudes.

Preparatory Ground Instruction

During the PGI, the student will learn:

  1. safe and coordinated exchange of aircraft control;
  2. proper communication of sighted traffic, including the clock system (bearing) and high/low positioning (above and below horizon);
  3. aircraft control surfaces and movements associated with them;
  4. visual, physical, and instrument indications (confirmation) of the four movements.

Flight safety:

  1. transfer of aircraft control;
  2. communication of sighted traffic;
  3. communication before climbs, descents, and turns ("Clear  left/right/above/below").

Air Instruction

During the flight lesson, the student will also be introduced to the skills:

  1. the procedures for the safe and proper preparation for flight, including aircraft pre-flight inspection;
  2. during taxi, proper stop-start techniques;
  3. the procedures for engine start and pre-takeoff systems checks (runup), and pretakeoff checklist;
  4. during takeoff, the use of the rudder pedals to maintain straight tracking during the takeoff roll;
  5. circuit departure procedure and clearance compliance;
  6. navigation to the practice area using geographic-feature tracking;
  7. attitudes and movments, including yaw control;
  8. preview basic maneuers (straight and level flight, climbs, descents, and turns);
  9. navigate back to the airport using geographic feature tracking;
  10. during approach for landing, the use of power to manage glidepath profile;
  11. post-flight proccedures for afterl-landing checks, taxiing, shutdown, and securing aircraft.

Post-flight Brief Debriefing

Review preformance: sucsessful performances, areas for improvement and how to improve those areas.

Assign readings in preparation for next flight if appropriate:

  1. FTM: Climbs, descents, turns:
  2. POH: Preparation for flight procedures; fuel systems;
  3. Radio Procedures: Pretakeoff and departure communication.

Completion Standards

Prior to advancing to the next lesson, the student must demonstrate the independent ability to use of pitch and roll inputs to generate the cruise attitude, the nose-up attitude, the nose-down attitude, and the banked attitude.

PPL-1-2 Basic Maneuvers I 

Flight Crew

Dual

Time Allocation

  • Ground: 20 to 30 Minutes
  • Air: 1 to 2.0 hours
  • Flight : 1 to 2 flights

Aim

The aim of this lesson is to develop the student’s ability the attitudes and movements to the basic maneuvers of flying--straight and level flight, climbs descents, and turns--including the student's ability to apply the sequence of pilot action needed to perform this maneuvers so as to achieve target altitudes and heading changes.

Preparatory Ground Instruction

During the PGI, the student will learn:

  1. effective traffic scanning techniques, including target detection and scanning sectors management;
  2. proper aircraft trimming using the open-palm technique for pitch trim, and rudder trim operations if applicable;
  3. compass errors in relation to setting the heading indicator to the compass during flight;
  4. techniques for maintaining straight and level flight;
  5. proper and safe execution of climbs and descents to target altitudes;
  6. proper and safe execution of gentle and medium turns using banked attitudes.

Flight safety:

  1. Clearing for traffic prior to executing flight maneuvers ("Clear  left/right/above/below");
  2. dectection of traffic on a collision course.

Air Instruction

During the flight lesson, the student will also be introduced to the skills:

  1. the conducting safe and proper preparation for flight, including aircraft pre-flight inspection, under Instructor supervision;
  2. during taxi, proactice proper stop-start techniques;
  3. conducting engine start and pre-takeoff systems checks (runup), and pretakeoff checklist, under Instructor supervison;
  4. during takeoff, the use of the control column to smoothly transition from the takeoff roll to the climb attitude for departure;
  5. circuit departure procedure and clearance compliance;
  6. navigation to the practice area using geographic-feature tracking;
  7. proper and effective aircraft trimming technique;
  8. maintaining straight and level flight as a platform from which climbs, descents, and turns are executed;
  9. proper and safe climbing and descent sequences of action (APT and PAT), including the achievement of flight target related to altitude and heading;
  10. proper and safe turn sequence of action (TBAT), including the achievement of flight target related to altitude and heading;
  11. during approach for landing, the use of the control column to manage speed and centreline profile;
  12. the conducting of post-flight proccedures for afterl-landing checks, taxiing, shutdown, and securing aircraft, under Instdructor supervison.

Post-flight Brief Debriefing

Review preformance: sucsessful performances, areas for improvement and how to improve those areas.

Assign readings in preparation for next flight if appropriate:

  1. FTM: Climbs, descents, turns:
  2. POH: Preparation for flight procedures; electric systems (alternator and battery operations);
  3. Radio Procedures: Pretakeoff, departure and practic area communication.

Completion Standards

Prior to advancing to the next lesson, the student must demonstrate the independent ability to maintain straight and level flight within +/- 150' of a target altitude and +/- 20 degrees of a target heading, conduct climbs, descents, and turns using the proper sequence of action, maintain during level turns +/- 150' of a target altitude, and roll out  within +/- 20 degrees of a heading target, and subsequently to resume straight and level flight to standard.